Research Themes

Our name indicates our signature research themes: Demography and Population Health. Although these themes are closely related - many of our faculty publish in both areas - they comprise distinct areas of research.

Demography

As a field of study, Demography focuses on the causes and consequences of population change, including the dynamics of population growth and decline and the distribution of population members within and across national boundaries. Critical to understanding population change are the demographic variables: fertility, mortality, and migration. CDPH Research Associates contribute to the understanding of population change through their research in the following areas:

  • Age, period, and cohort differences
  • Family demography
  • Fertility
  • Immigrant adaptation
  • Mortality differentials and multiple causes of death
  • Statistical demography

Population Health

As its name implies, the field of Population Health addresses health outcomes within a population, with a specific focus on the distribution of health outcomes across population subgroups. Research in Population Health encompasses identifying inequities in the distribution of health determinants and health outcomes and formulating and testing of policies and interventions to promote a more universal distribution of positive health outcomes. CDPH Research Associates contribute to the field of Population Health through their research in the following areas:

  • Aging and health
  • Health and the environment
  • Health and well-being among infants, children, and youth
  • Sexual and reproductive health
  • Stress processes

Data Access

National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health)
FSU faculty and graduate students who wish to access the restricted-use Add Health data may contact Dr. Kathryn Harker Tillman for information.

Estimating total fertility for small areas: http://schmert.net/BayesBrass

Timing and pace of fertility transition in Brazil: http://schmert.net/BayesLogistic

Knox meets Cox: http://schmert.net/KnoxCox

Calibrated spline fertility schedules: http://schmert.net/calibrated-spline

Demography

Age, period, and cohort differences

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area

Current projects:

"Generations as Social Groups" (Carlson). This project examines generational shifts and contrasts in educational attainment, family formation, military service, labor force participation, and adaptation to retirement and aging.

Family demography

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Pathways to Parenthood among Lesbians and Gay Men" (Brewster, Tillman). This project uses cross-sectional and longitudinal data to describe the demographic characteristics of lesbians and gay men who are parents and identify the diverse pathways to parenthood among sexual minorities.

"Italian Householder Deficit" (Carlson). This project addresses the deficit of household heads among young Italians, using data from the Italian and French IPUMS. Household headship is considered a dimension of adulthood and analyses address the articulation between headship and other role adult role transitions during the third decade of life.

Fertility

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Bayesian Forecasting of Cohort Fertility" (Schmertmann with Emilio Zagheni, Joshua Goldstein, Mikko Myrskylä).

"Forecasting Cohort Childlessness" (Schmertmann with Emilio Zagheni, Joshua Goldstein, Mikko Myrskylä)

Immigrant adaptation

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Family, Community, and Adaptation among Immigrant Youth" (Tillman). This project uses data from the Add Health Study to examine the roles of family structure and functioning and community environments in bolstering the academic and behavioral outcomes of young immigrants.

Mortality differences and multiple causes of death

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Analyzing mortality differentials by multiple causes of death" (Eberstein, Nam). This research considers how information on multiple causes of death lIsaac diabetes and hypertension can refine our understanding of age, sex, and race/ ethnic differentials in underlying causes of death lIsaac heart disease and cancer. Analyses employ US data from the National Health Interview Survey 1997-2004 linked with the National Death Index through 2006.

Statistical demography

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Small-area estimates from the American Community Survey" (Schmertmann)

Population Health

Health and aging

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Mental and Physical Health Consequences of Partner Health Shocks among Older Adults" (Eberstein, M. Taylor). This research examines older couples to study the how the occurrence of a negative health event (health shock) for one spouse affects the mental and physical wellbeing of the other partner. Data are from six waves of the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2008).

Health and the environment

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"The Built Environment and Community Health" (Coutts). This research examines the influence of the built environment and ecologically-sensitive land use practices on community health and health behaviors in North Florida. This project is part of a broader program of biophilic epidemiology aimed at unraveling how environmental elements and socio-ecological relationships influence health.

"Housing and Health" (Miles with Andrew Aurand). This project looks at Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities (NORCs) in an intermediate-sized Southern city in order to better understand the types of housing and community environments that best support successful aging- in-place in such locations. Intermediate cities are likely to feature lower residential densities and to be more spread out than large cities and therefore deserve a focus of their own.

Health and well-being among infants, children, and youth

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Children's Neighborhood Environments and Health" (Miles with Suzanne Johnson). Using data from Leon County, Florida, this project investigates the extent to which the physical places where children live, grow, and play contribute to changes in their weight status over time. A particular focus is summer break: are children living near parks and green spaces more likely to maintain their weight than children who don't?

"Neighborhood context and breastfeeding practices" (Burdette). This project considers the effects of neighborhood characteristics on breastfeeding practices among low-income, urban women in the United States.

"Child disability and siblings" (Eberstein with Shannon Sabo). This project uses population data sets to examine whether/how the presence of a sibling with any of a range of disabling conditions may affect children and adults. In addition to educational and economic outcomes, other aspects of individual and family wellbeing will be considered.

Sexual and reproductive health

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Transition to Sexual Activity" (Brewster, Tillman). Researchers have treated the transition to sexual activity as an amorphous process that ends in first coitus; it is clear, however, that sexual activity involves behaviors other than coitus, such as oral sex with heterosexual partners and same-sex sexual engagement. This on-going project uses cross-sectional and longitudinal data to define more clearly the transition to sexual activity among adolescents and young adults in the U.S.

"Community Context and Reproductive Knowledge" (Burdette). This research investigates the relationship between characteristics of the community context and young adults' reproductive knowledge among young adults.

Stress processes

Faculty Associates who have current or recent work in this area:

Current projects:
"Racial/ethnic Contrasts in Health-Related Coping Behaviors." (J. Taylor with Byron Miller) This project looks at racial/ethnic contrasts in health-related coping behaviors in response to exposure to social stress.

"Black/White Crossover in Stress Exposure" (J. Taylor with Elizabeth Corsentino, Natalie Sachs-Ericsson).